Evidences of Case Catholic Archdiocese of Yangon

CASE 36-2017: Catholic Archdiocese of Yangon (Myanmar) & His Eminence Cardinal Charles Maung Bo

 

By Master Yan Maitri-Shi, Prosecutor

 

HONORABLE JURY OF INTERNATIONAL BUDDHIST ETHICS COMMITTEE (IBEC) & BUDDHIST TRIBUNAL ON HUMAN RIGHTS (BTHR)

After Legitimating and Validating Evidences and Charges by Master Maitreya, President and Spiritual Judge of IBEC-BTHR, it is addressed the case against the accused party, Catholic Archdiocese of Yangon (Myanmar) & His Eminence Cardinal Charles Maung Bo. This investigation was initiated from the “Case Ashin Wirathu”, the “Case Myanmar” and the “Case State Sangha Maha Nayaka Committee”.

The Charges by which the Buddhist Tribunal on Human Rights is accusing Catholic Archdiocese of Yangon (Myanmar) & His Eminence Cardinal Charles Maung Bo are enumerated below:

  • Complicity with Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing and Crimes against Humanity
  • Complicity with Crimes against Peace
  • Spiritual Fraud

Therefore, it is detailed a series of EVIDENCES that support the Charges referred so that the Jury members decide about the possible “Responsibility”, “Innocence” or “Insanity” of the accused. Such evidence come from graphic and audiovisual media that have been gathered, sorted and confirmed in their order and context as Means of Proof in order to know, establish, dictate and determine the Responsibility of the Accused for committing the aforementioned Charges.

The procedure established in the Statute of INTERNATIONAL BUDDHIST ETHICS  COMMITTEE & BUDDHIST TRIBUNAL ON HUMAN RIGHTS provides both bodies the ostentation to enjoy independence and liberty from state and national regulation and control, besides having the legality and acting as a Buddhist People in order to assert its customs, traditions, practices, procedures, judgments and rights as well as acting in pursuit of the development of Spirituality, of Buddhist Ethics, and of the defense of International Human Rights. This procedure has the particularity, singularity and distinction of having “Special Jurisdiction of the Tribal Law” and “Universal Jurisdiction of the International Law”, thus having the Character, Juridical validity, Legal Powers, infrastructure, Training and Capability necessary to be Actor, Administrator and Executor of Justice in this realm and exercise, by judging of the Accused by means of an Ethical Judgment whose Purpose is Truth, Reconciliation and Learning.-

 

DETAILS OF THE CASE

Buddhist Tribunal on Human Rights: “In the first months of 2015, the Buddhist Tribunal sentenced the military government of Myanmar for Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing and Crimes against Humanity, especially against the Rohingya People. Simultaneously, the Buddhist Tribunal sentenced the complicity of false Buddhist organizations in carrying out these international crimes. Then, Aung San Suu Kyi formed a civic-military dictatorship that continued and further worsened the Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing and Crimes Against Humanity against the Rohingya People, which generated an Opinion of the Buddhist Tribunal against her, declaring her an accomplice of those crimes and responsible for Crimes against Peace as well. From all this ethical and juridical pressure exerted by the Buddhist Tribunal, Aung San Suu Kyi was criticized by the UN for carrying out an ethnic cleansing against the Rohingyas, causing that many organizations to take away the prizes that they have given her. Despite all this, His Eminence Cardinal Charles Maung Bo, Archbishop of Yangon – Myanmar has decided to give full support to Aung San Suu Kyi, revalidating her ethically despite the fact that she is a genocidal criminal.”

LIST OF EVIDENCES

EVIDENCE 1: NEGATIONISM

EVIDENCE 2: SUPPORT TO GENOCIDAL MYANMAR GOVERNMENT

EVIDENCE 3: ANTI-CHRISTIANITY

EVIDENCE 4: FRAUDULENT USE OF BUDDHISM

 

 

EVIDENCE 1: NEGATIONISM

Cardinal Charles Maung Bo: “We have asked him (Pope Francis) at least to refrain from using the word ‘Rohingya’ because this word is very much contested and not acceptable by the military, nor the government, nor the people in Myanmar (…) These are the people who do not enjoy the citizenship and are somewhat unwanted in both countries (Myanmar and Bangladesh).” [1]

Reuters: “Myanmar’s most senior Catholic prelate (Cardinal Charles Maung Bo) has urged Pope Francis to avoid using the term ‘Rohingya’ during a visit this month, when he is expected to raise the humanitarian crisis faced by the Muslim minority after a Myanmar army offensive in August. The pope is set to visit largely Buddhist Myanmar from Nov. 27 to Nov. 30, before going to Bangladesh, a predominantly Muslim neighbour where more than 600,000 Rohingya have fled to take shelter in refugee camps. In the first visit by a pope to Myanmar, Francis will meet Aung San Suu Kyi, the Nobel peace laureate who leads a civilian administration that is less than two years old, the generals it has to share power with, as well as leading Buddhist monks. (…) Francis has used the term Rohingya when he has spoken about their suffering in the recent past. But Suu Kyi has asked foreign leaders not to use the term Rohingya, because in her view it is inflammatory. Bo, appointed by Pope Francis in 2015 as Myanmar’s first and only cardinal, said church leaders in the country had advised him to sidestep the divisive issue of the name. (…)Many people in Myanmar regard the largely stateless Rohingya as illegal immigrants from Bangladesh, and they are excluded from the 135 “national races” recognised by law. Regardless of Myanmar’s sensitivities, however, the United Nations and United States continue to call them Rohingya, upholding their right to self-identify. (…) The United Nations has denounced the violence in Myanmar’s northwest over the past 10 weeks as a textbook example of ethnic cleansing, a charge Suu Kyi’s administration has denied,”[2]

Mark Farmaner, the director of Burma Campaign UK: “In the past, the Catholic Church (of Myanmar) pretty much kept its head down, for fear of provoking a backlash against Catholics,”[3]

Kevin Clarke: “Aung San Suu Kyi. For years she has been considered a contemporary heroine in the mode of a Mahatma Gandhi or Martin Luther King Jr. because of her nonviolent resistance to a military junta that had her on house arrest for decades.  A silenced sentinel of democracy, her dignity and courage before the brutality of Myanmar’s ruling junta was an inspiration to people all over the world. In 1991 she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Released from house arrest in 2010, she led the National League for Democracy in November 2015 to an overwhelming victory in Myanmar’s first openly contested election in 25 years. Denied the chance to serve as president on a technicality, she accepted a new position as “state counselor” and became the nation’s de facto leader.  People all over Myanmar, and indeed the world, had the highest hopes for what her self-sacrifice and ultimate victory could mean for the nation. Many of those expectations have been rewarded, but on one glaring issue she has shockingly reverted to the authoritarian form of the people who locked her up. Though they have lived in Myanmar’s Rakhine State for centuries, the Muslim people known as the Rohingya have been denied citizenship in their own land and regularly persecuted in this predominately Buddhist nation. In recent years tensions between Buddhists and Muslims have grown. Though vehemently denied by Suu Kyi and the Myanmar government, the United Nations reports vast human rights abuses, including summary execution and rape in an apparently coordinated repression across Rakhine State. Thousands have been forced from their homes; thousands more have fled across the Indian Ocean on barely seaworthy vessels. Throughout the crisis the world has waited, watching for some kind of intervention from Suu Kyi. Surely this woman of peace who has known so much suffering in her own life would not stand by while the abuse of the Rohingya continued. But Suu Kyi has given rhetorical cover to those in Myanmar’s society or within its military who wish to step up the repression. It appears even Nobel Peace Prize winners have their blind spots. Instead of the bold leadership one might have expected, Suu Kyi has resisted international monitors and denounced as fraudulent reports of the rape, abuse, and repression of the Rohingya people. Rather than express a minimum of concern for the clear suffering of the Rohingya, she has been carefully attentive so as not to offend the sensibilities of the nation’s Buddhist majority. (Cardinal Charles Maung Bo of Yangon) has declined to refer to the experience of the Rohingya as a genocide or “ethnic cleansing,” (…). We can keep praying for Suu Kyi to wake up someday to her better nature, to become the person we thought she was and step up to protect this minority community, but that hope must be matched by attentive international advocacy for the human rights of the Rohingya.”[4]

 

EVIDENCE 2: SUPPORT TO the GENOCIDAL GOVERNMENT of MYANMAR

Washington Post: “Burmese security forces have carried out mass arson, killing, rape and looting, destroying hundreds of villages and forcing more than 400,000 Rohingya to flee to neighboring Bangladesh. Given the scale and overall context of these latest atrocities, together with evidence of intent on the part of the Burmese military, Human Rights Watch believes that these more recent crimes also constitute crimes against humanity. The fact that the powerful military is behind these acts means that there is almost no chance that the government will bring key perpetrators to justice…. Let there be no doubt: The Burmese army is engaged in horrific atrocities in its ongoing campaign of ethnic cleansing against the Rohingya. When soldiers shoot men in their custody, hack women and children to death, and burn their homes, the world needs to pay attention and act together to stop these crimes. (…) The U.N. Security Council and concerned governments need to take immediate action by imposing an arms embargo and targeted sanctions on military leaders and pursue all avenues to hold those responsible to account. More specifically, the council should refer the situation in Burma to the International Criminal Court.”[5]

Cardinal Charles Maung Bo: “In this context, it is advisable at this time not to qualify the situation as genocide or ethnic cleansing against the Muslim community”[6]

Cardinal Charles Maung Bo: “Our government needs our appreciation and support to a very challenging process. Democratic forces need support and understanding. I see a great moral obligation on the part of religious leaders.”[7] “Much has been said by the western media on the role of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.  Many feel that the sentiments and principles she expressed so strongly in her latest address should have come earlier. But to lay all blame on her, stigmatizing her response is a very counterproductive measure. The circumstances under which her government took over, the multiple humanitarian challenges her government had to face during the short time, the continued role of military constitutionally imposed lack of leverage in security issues and scores of other challenges make her role a daunting one. All of us need to move from a wounded past towards a healing future. Let the lessons of the past enlighten our future.”[8]

Buddhist Tribunal on Human Rights: “Cardinal Charles Maung Bo has not only participated in an event with the State Sangha Maha Nayaka Committee, which is a Buddhist organization sentenced for Complicity with Genocide and Crimes against Humanity, but also in the same event he has publicly defended the Myanmar government, criticizing the international community for having removed honorary titles from de facto president Aung San Suu Kyi.”

Zarni Mann: “Religious leaders of Myanmar called for unity and peace as they gathered at the country’s first mass interfaith rally at Aung San Stadium in Yangon on 10 October 2017. It was the first major push for improved relations between followers of different faiths since an eruption of deadly violence in August inflamed communal tensions, especially between Buddhists and Muslims, and triggered an exodus of some 520,000 Muslims to Bangladesh. (…) As the crowd lit candles and prayed for peace—particularly in Rakhine State—Dr. Bhaddanta Iddhibala, chairman of the Yangon Region Sangha Maha Nayaka Committee, appealed for people to stop blaming others for conflict and help restore peace. “If each of us only see the mistakes of others, there will be no peace among us. We need to have inner peace in each of us first and avoid the actions which could affect the peace, while praying for the peace,” he said. Muslim leader Alahaj Mofti Mohamad said the harmony in which Muslims have lived for centuries in Myanmar is being threatened by hate. “We, the Muslims, strongly hope for the immediate end of the current conflicts and the haters. We strongly desire to live in harmony as our ancestors lived in past centuries. We want back the situation where we shared the happiness together with humanity, without haters and doubts of each other, without discrimination,” he told the crowd. “We would like to urge every citizen to work for the peace, unity and living in harmony,” he added. (…) Cardinal Charles Bo, the current Archbishop of Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Yangon, also urged the international community to understand the situation of the country. “We want to tell the world that Myanmar is living under the teaching of Lord Buddha. We have sympathy to every human being. The world has to understand [Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s] government and has to help her. It is impossible to solve every problem in just 18 months,” said Cardinal Charles Bo. The Cardinal said the country under the leadership of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has its own strategy to solve the problems. He criticized the international community for stripping awards from the State Counselor. “She is not working for her country to win the awards. The Nobel peace prize came to her, she did not chase it. The awards can be stripped from her. For me, I would like to give back the awards with the compensation,” said the cardinal. “Daw Aung San Suu Kyi is the one who led this country to the democratic path and struggled for many years. We want to let the world know that we have our own strategy to solve our own problems. We believe in the leadership of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, who is our hope,” he added. Yangon chief minister U Phyo Min Thein, who lit the peace candle to open the ceremony, said the event showed the world the country is living in harmony and praying. “This event shows Myanmar is a country with the people of different faith, living in harmony and sharing the sympathy for those who are in difficultly,” said the chief minister. “We hope the world will understand the situation of our country,” he added.”[9]

Asianews: “Burmese Cardinal Charles Maung Bo, Archbishop of Yangon, staunchly defended the Lady’s work, recalling her commitment to democracy and personal sacrifices during the military dictatorship. “Myanmar is at the cross roads of history.   We are led by the great leader, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.  After sixty years, she has sacrificed her life for the good of the nation. With thousands of others, our pilgrimage of democracy she ensured that  we have more rights, our nation is  accepted as one of the future success stories. This Myanmar of our dreams is going through the throes of a new birth.  Myanmar has to undergo   Peace building, State Building and Nation building.   Today we are gathered as the Myanmar citizens to affirm these three tasks in the company of  Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.”  In response to international criticism, the archbishop of Yangon stressed the spirituality of the Burmese people, also affirming that “religion is not the cause” of the Rakhine conflict. “There is a campaign going on outside the country that Myanmar people are not compassionate.  I wish to tell the world compassion is the common religion of the Myanmar people. This is a very spiritual country. Our people are deeply religious. Every day, peace is in our prayers.”[10]

Millenial: “Cardinal Charles Maung Bo, Archbishop of Yangon, is calling on the international community to not abandon Aung San Suu Kyi, despite her weak response to the crisis” [11]

Cardinal Charles Maung Bo, archbishop of Yangon: “Stigmatising Aung San Suu Kyi and attacking her through the media is not a long-term solution,” (…) “A false step will see her out of government and that would be the end of any dream of democracy. We should always remember the army took back democracy three times in the history of Myanmar.”[12]

Nirmala Carvalho: “Myanmar’s first Cardinal says Aung San Suu Kyi needs the support of the international community during the ongoing crisis in Myanmar’s Rakhine State. Cardinal Charles Maung Bo, Archbishop of Yangon, said Suu Kyi has been over criticized – “sometimes mercilessly” –  by many in the international community over the actions of the military against the Muslim Rohingya population, but what she really needs are outsiders to help provide constructive solutions to the crisis. Over the past month, nearly 500,000 Rohingya have fled Myanmar into neighboring Bangladesh, after Myanmar’s military began what it called “clearance operations” last month. (…) and Rohingya refugees claim this involved indiscriminate murder, arson, and forced removals.” [13]

Cardinal Charles Maung Bo, Archbishop of Yangon: “(if Aung San Suu Kyi’s perceptions of the Rohingya situation are incorrect) her integrity and commitment are above suspicion…Her own lifetime sacrifice to resurrect from the ruins of junta misrule of sixty years is a great historic achievement,” “In her fragile hands, she holds the dreams of millions of this country.” “Though Aung San Suu Kyi embraced diversity by bringing in Christians and Muslims into her inner circle, the agenda of nationalists and extremist monks has been threatening to shred the social fabric especially in Rakhine state,” “And it has happened now.” “Appreciation of her role in democratizing this nation is much needed,” “Rohingya is not an easy term. It is a politically charged term,” “Not to use it will incense the Rohingya support groups. Using the word would provoke universal condemnation among the Burmese people, army, and government.”[14]

John Newton: “Burma’s most senior Catholic bishop has expressed support for Aung San Suu Kyi – despite the international community’s widespread criticism of her response to the country’s Rohingya crisis. In defence of Ms Suu Kyi, Cardinal Maung Bo, Archbishop of Yangon (Rangoon), underlined that constitutionally her authority is limited and highlighted the powers still wielded by the army, which a number of sources state has violently targeted Rohingyas (…)Cardinal Bo pointed out that, despite the country’s democratic reforms, the political situation could still be precarious (…)In his message to the 24th World Congress of the Apostleship of the Sea in Taiwan – a copy of which the cardinal sent to Aid to the Church in Need – he stressed the army still exercised significant political influence. It is estimated that 500,000 Rohingyas have fled to neighbouring Bangladesh in the last five weeks, following a military crackdown which came after attacks on police stations in Rakhine State by the militant Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army. Amnesty International has provided evidence that Rohingya villages have been burned by members of Burma’s military forces and vigilante mobs. (…)This week Oxford city council voted unanimously to strip Aung San Suu Kyi of the Freedom of the City of Oxford, where she studied as an undergraduate – the latest honour that she has had removed over her response to the Rohingya crisis. As part of the backlash, 400,000 people signed a petition demanding that she be stripped of her Nobel Peace Prize. Aung San Suu Kyi came under increased criticism after she denied that the government had authorised the destruction of Rohingya settlements in a speech on Tuesday, 19th September – despite generally condemning human rights violations.”[15]

Cardinal Charles Maung Bo: “As we know, her role has come under scorching criticism. Her status is not official under the constitution.” “As long as Daw Aung San Suu Kyi continues we have hope. She is a strong woman with strong principles. Despite the piercing criticisms of the international community, Myanmar depends on her for many compassionate responses.” “Our perception is that she is trying to stabilise the fragile democracy. Democracy is hard won and it took 60 years to reach where the country is.” “The army, like the Thai army, has no patience with democracy and grabbed power from democracy thrice already in Myanmar. I think Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has an agenda to pull the country from the grips of the army which controls 25 percent of the parliamentary – and also the important – ministries. This is a tightrope walk and she is trying her best.” “Having said that, it is very unfortunate that the recent events did not show her in a good light. She should have spoken on behalf of the victims, especially so many women and children forced to leave under such painful circumstances. She lost the support of the international community by her silence.” [16]

 

EVIDENCE 3: ANTI-CHRISTIANITY

Buddhist Tribunal on Human Rights: “It has been proven that Christianity has adopted a critical position against the government of Myanmar, not only by showing that compassion beats at the heart of the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, but also showing that the position of Cardinal Charles Maung Bo supporting the government of Myanmar is an immoral and anti-Christian position.”

Cardinal Patrick D’Rozario, the Archbishop of the Dhaka: “It is very good that Bangladesh has opened the doors for the Rohingya, who have suffered all kinds of atrocities”[17]

James Romen Boiragi, Bishop of Khulna, Bangladesh: “We condemn this kind of military operation (…). This is an act against humanity and a violation of human rights. So many people are living inhuman lives. Lot of children are struggling to survive.” [18]

Pakistani Bishop Joseph Arshad, Pakistan Bishops’ National Commission for Justice & Peace: “We cannot remain silent. It’s a humanitarian suffering and the Catholic Church in Pakistan stands strong with Rohingya people” [19]

Dominican Father James Channan, director of Peace Center Lahore: “(appealed for other Muslim countries to support the Rohingya and) raise their voice against this grave violation of human rights and religiously motivated violence. (…) Every person has a right to life and freedom of religion.” [20]

Jesuit Father Xavier John Bosco – Director of the Jesuit-run Center for Information, Training, Research and Action (Hyderabad – India): “On compassionate and humanitarian grounds, we must welcome the Rohingya and grant shelter to them,” “It is heartbreaking to hear of the violence and murder, rape and loot of millions of Rohingya,” “Many people are shocked at this human tragedy; but we do not know what to do. Inactivity and indifference are greater tragedies.” “Will the nations and the leaders of the nations come forward, risking their own comfort to the rescue of the battered and bleeding Rohingya?” [21]

Father Frederick D’Souza, the Executive Director of Caritas India: “It is very important to respect the human rights of the people as it aims at upholding their dignity,” “The UN and the respective governments should sort out the issues and poor and the vulnerable people should not be put at the risk of survival.” [22]

Archbishop Desmond Tutu: “My dear Aung San Suu Kyi: I am now elderly, decrepit and formally retired, but breaking my vow to remain silent on public affairs out of profound sadness about the plight of the Muslim minority in your country, the Rohingya. (…) Your emergence into public life allayed our concerns about violence being perpetrated against members of the Rohingya. But what some have called ‘ethnic cleansing’ and others ‘a slow genocide’ has persisted – and recently accelerated. The images we are seeing of the suffering of the Rohingya fill us with pain and dread. We know that you know that human beings may look and worship differently – and some may have greater firepower than others – but none are superior and none inferior; that when you scratch the surface we are all the same, members of one family, the human family; that there are no natural differences between Buddhists and Muslims; and that whether we are Jews or Hindus, Christians or atheists, we are born to love, without prejudice. Discrimination doesn’t come naturally; it is taught. My dear sister: If the political price of your ascension to the highest office in Myanmar is your silence, the price is surely too steep. A country that is not at peace with itself, that fails to acknowledge and protect the dignity and worth of all its people, is not a free country. It is incongruous for a symbol of righteousness to lead such a country; it is adding to our pain. As we witness the unfolding horror we pray for you to be courageous and resilient again. We pray for you to speak out for justice, human rights and the unity of your people. We pray for you to intervene in the escalating crisis and guide your people back towards the path of righteousness.”[23]

 

EVIDENCE 4: FRAUDULENT USE OF BUDDHISM

Buddhist Tribunal on Human Rights: “While it is always recommended and completely welcome the fact that leaders of all traditions employ the Buddhist teachings of Master Siddharta Gautama, Cardinal Charles Maung Bo has used Buddhist philosophy in the context of his defense of the genocidal government of Myanmar, which constitutes a fraudulent use of Buddhism.”

Cardinal Charles Maung Bo: “All of us must avoid all hate speeches. Lord Buddha said, Every human being must feel the oneness of all life: even a death of a leaf shall shatter a human heart. For a compassionate heart there is no “other”. Everyone is part of me, and I am part of every one. This nation was nourished by such great teachings of the great leader. We cannot condone death of human life in any way. Hate speech can poison the minds and help only merchants of death. Let this nation choose life. Life matters most. Let us join in the conversation of reconciliation and of rebuilding this golden land. Let Metta and Karuna be our two eyes. Let our tongue proclaim love to all living beings and things. Let the journey of healing start now. Time for all of us to stop all hate speech! War and conflict would only further chronic poverty and suffering of all our people, citizens and others. Let us collaborate with the government in rebuilding this nation. A New Myanmar of peace and Prosperity is possible.”[24]

 

[1] Myanmar cardinal urges Pope Francis to avoid use of the term ‘Rohingya’ https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-myanmar-rohingya-cardinal/myanmar-cardinal-urges-pope-francis-to-avoid-use-of-the-term-rohingya-idUKKBN1D80Z8

[2] Myanmar cardinal urges Pope Francis to avoid use of the term ‘Rohingya’ https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-myanmar-rohingya-cardinal/myanmar-cardinal-urges-pope-francis-to-avoid-use-of-the-term-rohingya-idUKKBN1D80Z8

[3] https://cruxnow.com/interviews/2017/08/19/pope-myanmar-wont-judged-crowds-speeches-results/

[4] Kevin Clarke,  Aung San Suu Kyi’s disappointing path in Myanmar. The world is watching. Will Aung San Suu Kyi change her path?  http://www.uscatholic.org/articles/201709/aung-san-suu-kyis-disappointing-path-myanmar-31145

[5] https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/democracy-post/wp/2017/09/27/the-burmese-military-is-committing-crimes-against-humanity/?utm_term=.33b275a67b8c

[6] https://cruxnow.com/global-church/2017/09/15/catholic-church-asia-responds-rohingya-refugee-crisis/

[7] http://cathygnarchdiocese.org/?p=1231

[8] http://cathygnarchdiocese.org/?p=1205

[9] http://cathygnarchdiocese.org/?p=1215

[10] http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Rohingya,-Aung-San-Suu-Kyi-and-Card.-Bo-call-for-Rakhines-unity-and-development-42045.html

[11] https://millennialjournal.com/2017/09/28/aung-san-suu-kyi-and-the-ethnic-cleansing-of-the-rohingya/

[12] http://www.scmp.com/comment/insight-opinion/article/2111662/attacking-aung-san-suu-kyi-wont-save-rohingya-she-still-best

[13] Myanmar Cardinal calls on international community not to abandon Aung San Suu Kyi https://cruxnow.com/global-church/2017/09/21/myanmar-cardinal-calls-international-community-not-abandon-aung-san-suu-kyi/

[14] Myanmar Cardinal calls on international community not to abandon Aung San Suu Kyi https://cruxnow.com/global-church/2017/09/21/myanmar-cardinal-calls-international-community-not-abandon-aung-san-suu-kyi/

[15] John Newton, Burmese Cardinal defends Aung San Suu Kyi http://catholicherald.co.uk/news/2017/10/07/burmese-cardinal-defends-aung-san-suu-kyi/

[16] John Newton, Burmese Cardinal defends Aung San Suu Kyi http://catholicherald.co.uk/news/2017/10/07/burmese-cardinal-defends-aung-san-suu-kyi/

[17] https://cruxnow.com/global-church/2017/09/15/catholic-church-asia-responds-rohingya-refugee-crisis/

[18] https://cruxnow.com/global-church/2017/09/15/catholic-church-asia-responds-rohingya-refugee-crisis/

[19] https://cruxnow.com/global-church/2017/09/15/catholic-church-asia-responds-rohingya-refugee-crisis/

[20] https://cruxnow.com/global-church/2017/09/15/catholic-church-asia-responds-rohingya-refugee-crisis/

[21] https://cruxnow.com/global-church/2017/09/15/catholic-church-asia-responds-rohingya-refugee-crisis/

[22] https://cruxnow.com/global-church/2017/09/15/catholic-church-asia-responds-rohingya-refugee-crisis/

[23] https://www.facebook.com/DesmondTutuOfficial/posts/1136360939841237

[24] http://cathygnarchdiocese.org/?p=1231

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