Evidencias del Caso Surabaya Zoo

Caso n° 06/2015:

Zoológico Surabaya, Indonesia

 

HONORABLE JURADO DEL COMITÉ INTERNACIONAL DE ETICA BUDISTA (CIEB) y TRIBUNAL BUDISTA DE DERECHOS HUMANOS (TBDH)

P R E S E N T E .–

 

En la presencia del Presidente y Guía Espiritual del CIEB-TBDH Maestro Budista Maitreya, y de la Secretaria Ejecutiva del CIEB-TBDH Maestra YanMaitri-Shi, se aborda el caso denunciado por la International Association of Maitriyana (IAM) frente al ZOOLOGICO SURABAYA por los Delitos  de MALTRATO, TORTURA Y DESCUIDO ANIMAL y Otros que resulten, siendo una clara y penosa violación y falta de respeto a la vida animal recluida en este Zoológico, tanto a cargo de los Directivos y/o Responsables, así como de los Empleados del lugar y Visitantes.-

 

SekkhaDhamma, en cuanto Fiscal del CIEB y el TBDH, reconozco el arduo y organizado trabajo que se realizó para la amplia recopilación de Pruebas en este caso, de igual forma, agradezco la aportación de las mismas para el análisis que concierne a la Parte que represento. Dicho esto, con el debido respeto comparezco a exponer:

Recibido el listado de medios digitales que fueron reunidos, ordenados y a la vez confirmados en su orden y contexto como Pruebas por parte de la Secretaria Ejecutiva del CIEB y TBDH Maestra Yan Maitri-Shi, doy paso a la Tercera Etapa del Procedimiento denominada: “VALORACION DE LAS PRUEBAS”, misma que se establece en el Acta Constitutiva del CIEB y TBDH para efecto de conocer, establecer, dictaminar y determinar la Responsabilidad por la comisión delos Delitos de MALTRATO, TORTURA Y DESCUIDO ANIMAL y Otros que resulte responsable el ZOOLOGICO SURABAYA, SUS DIRECTIVOS Y/O RESPONSABLES ASI COMO SUS EMPLEADOS, incidiendo con ello en Violación de los Derechos de los Animales que se encuentran ahí recluidos y confinados en deplorables lugares, los cuales reportan pésimas condiciones y donde los animales además de estar privados de su libertad, carecen de alimentación balanceada y de calidad, de un lugar adecuado, decoroso y acorde con su especie y necesidades, padeciendo además de depresión, graves enfermedades y estado físico patológico avanzado a causa de negligencia, falta de cuidados, desconocimiento en el trato a las diversas especies y falta deatención médica veterinaria especializada y permanente. Esta Acusación fue realizada por la INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MAITRIYANA (IAM) en el ámbito de la Ética Budista, acto que sigue a continuación:

 

VALORACION DE PRUEBAS

PRIMERA VALORACION.- Al ser la parte medular de esta parte procesal, es necesario señalar los Medios Probatorios ofrecidos por la Secretaria Ejecutiva del CIEB y TBDH Maestra Yan Maitri-Shi, y presentarlos formalmente al Jurado para su conocimiento, mismos que se componen de 16 Evidencias que validan la Acusación motivante del actual proceso, intituladas con una amplia gama de Delitos cometidos en contra de los Animales del Zoológico Surabaya. Lo anterior, denunciado desde el campo de la Ética Budista. Estas Evidencias provienen de medios digitales audiovisuales de dominio público (medios de comunicación), mismos que se enlistan a continuación:

 

Evidencia 1: MALTRATO Y TORTURA A ANIMALES

Trevor B., from Australia: “The mistreatment of the animals started to attract widespread condemnation in 2010. In that year, the Jakarta Post labelled KBS as the Surabaya Zoo of Death.” (…) “When the zoo relocated several hippopotami, the animals were physically beaten and injured during the process.” (https://www.change.org/p/president-jokowi-close-surabaya-zoo )

[Fotos (Imagen 1 y 2 de la evidencia fotográfica) de un elefante cuyas patas se encuentran con cortes profundos a causa de lo que el Zoo utiliza como una especie de tobillera para privarlo de movilidad]( http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_3.htm); (http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_4.htm )

SYBELLE FOXCROFT, Conservationist of Cee4Life, said about Melani, a Sumatran Tigerwithher organs so damaged that she is unable to absorb requisite nutrients from her food and can’t maintain necessary condition: “She’s a creature that’s been neglected and abused inside a zoo that is deemed to care for her. To see an animal struggle through this sort of thing you know she wants to live. It’s her will that’s keeping her alive.”](http://www.abc.net.au/foreign/content/2013/s3894606.htm )

 

Evidencia 2: CONDICIONES DEPLORABLES DE LAS INSTALACIONES

Tony Sumampau, the head of the Indonesian Zoological Parks Association and now a consultant to the zoo said:“The holding facilities were shocking, wet all the time. Most of the animals … died because they got pneumonia, lung disease, TB, or from digestion problems because of the food supply.”

(http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )

Michael Bachelard, from Sydney Morning Herald: “Last month, Rezak, another Sumatran tiger, died. He was old but also had lung disease contracted in a tiny, permanently damp, cage.” (http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )

 

Evidencia 3: ANIMALES FAMÉLICOS POR MALNUTRICIÓN Y ESCASOS RECURSOS ECONÓMICOS

Trevor B., from Sydney, Australia said: “The zoo does not have the cashflow needed to feed, house and breed the animals in it’s care. Entry is less than US$2.00 per person. It does not generate enough. Subsequently, the animals are maltreated and underfed.” (https://www.change.org/p/president-jokowi-close-surabaya-zoo )

[Foto (Imagen 8 de la evidencia fotográfica) de un animal, que pareciera ser un dromedario, el cual se encuentra en un estado avanzado de desnutrición y delgadez.]

(http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_8.htm )

ERIN SKARDA, from TIME: “According to a recent article by Trisnadi Marjan of the Associated Press, approximately 15 animals at the zoo die every month — a figure that has actually decreased from two years ago — suffering from preventable diseases, hunger, lack of exercise and overcrowding.” (http://newsfeed.time.com/2012/03/15/the-disturbing-state-of-indonesias-zoo-of-death/ )

Michael Bachelard, from Sydney Morning Herald said: “The zoo’s entrance fee was just 4500 rupiah (48¢) per person, but even from that paltry income, the former owners took a profit.” (…) “Singleton, the director of the Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Program and a former zookeeper at the Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust, says Indonesia’s 40 zoos are still highly unregulated and simply milking the small entrance fees. All but a handful fail to meet international standards, he says.”

(http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )

 

Evidencia 4: ANIMALES EN ESPACIOS REDUCIDOS O PRIVADOS DE MOVILIDAD MÍNIMA

Trevor B., from Australia said: “Tigers are kept locked in small concrete cells because they do not have enough room to exercise. They are allowed out of their damp cells for only 3 days for every 10 they are locked up.” (https://www.change.org/p/president-jokowi-close-surabaya-zoo )

[Fotos (Imágenes 2, 3 y 4 de la evidencia fotográfica) de un elefante que se encuentra encadenado tanto en sus patas traseras como delanteras, no permitiéndole posibilidad de movimiento alguno.](http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258.htm); (http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_2.htm); (http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_4.htm)

[Fotos (Imágenes 9 y 10 de la evidencia fotográfica) de un tigre de bengala encerrado en un espacio totalmentereducido.](http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/201312/27/content_31023258_9.htm); (http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_10.htm )

[Foto (Imagen 15 de la evidencia fotográfica) de un hipopótamo en un espacio reducido.](http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_18.htm )

AgusSupangkat, a spokesman for the zoo’s old management team, said: “This zoo is very old and its cages outdated, (…) They are like prison cells, putting stress especially on the big mammals.”

(http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/unleashed/2010/08/zoo-official-issues-dire-warning-about-the-treatment-of-animals-at-indonesias-surabaya-zoo.html )

 

Evidencia 5: EXCESO DE ANIMALES EN UNA JAULA

[Foto de pelícanos (Imagen 11 de la evidencia fotográfica), los cuales no tienen el espacio necesario para poder desplegar sus alas debido al espacio reducido

http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_11.htm )

[Foto (Imagen 16 de la evidencia fotográfica) de aves que parecen ser garzas en una jaula poco espaciosa.]

(http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_19.htm)

Alice Budisatrijo, from BBC news, said: “(…) pelicans and herons are crammed into an aviary measuring about 180 sq m (1,940 sqft). (http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-25908531)

[En la foto siguiente (Imagen 19 de la evidencia fotográfica) puede apreciarse el poco espacio que tienen los pelícanos en su jaula.]

(http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/earthpicturegalleries/9140708/Surabaya-Zoo-animals-kept-in-scandalous-conditions-at-Indonesias-largest-zoo.html?frame=2166436 )

Michael Bachelard, from Sydney Morning Herald, said: “The cages, some built in the 1920s, were tiny and fraying, the animals so in-bred that deer had antlers growing out the front of their heads. The pelican cage is seriously over-crowded now, even after 70 birds were given to other zoos. Endangered Komodo dragons grew up with kinks in their bodies from inadequate spaceandsunlight.”(http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )

 

Evidencia 6: FALTA DE HIGIENE Y CUIDADOS BÁSICOS

[La siguiente foto (Imagen 7 de la evidencia fotográfica) muestra un tigre confinado en una jaula de unos pocos metros cuadrados, la cual se encuentra en un estado totalmente carente de higiene e insalubre para el animal. Además, el tigre muestra evidentes signos de desnutrición.]

(https://www.change.org/p/president-jokowi-close-surabaya-zoo )

[En la siguiente foto (Imagen 22 de la evidencia fotográfica) se aprecia la suciedad y basura que dejan los visitantes, lo cual constituye un peligro para los animales.]

(http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/earthpicturegalleries/9140708/Surabaya-Zoo-animals-kept-in-scandalous-conditions-at-Indonesias-largest-zoo.html?frame=2166438 )

Michael Bachelard, from Sydney Morning Herald, said: “When we visit the zoo, we see proboscis monkeys, in-bred and overpopulated, roaming freely in public areas and scavenging for food among the spillage from garbage bins. Barbary sheep chew on plastic bags. Monkeys argue over an ice-cream wrapper that blows into their enclosure. More rubbish floats by in their moat. (…) These conditions, though, are a vast improvement on what the animals endured three years ago.”

(http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )

 

Evidencia 7: CARENCIA DE ATENCIÓN MÉDICA ADECUADA

Trevor B., from Sydney, Australia said: “Some animals have chronic long term back and leg complaints because they cannot exercise.  Many have wasting digestive diseases from eating tainted meat.”

(https://www.change.org/p/president-jokowi-close-surabaya-zoo)

[En esta foto (Imagen 18 de la evidencia fotográfica) puede verse un tigre blanco de bengala, el cual sufre de problemas en la columna y le falta una oreja, en la zona de cuarentena del Zoológico. Pueden apreciarse además las malas condiciones y estrechez del espacio.] (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/earthpicturegalleries/9140708/Surabaya-Zoo-animals-kept-in-scandalous-conditions-at-Indonesias-largest-zoo.html?frame=2166435 )

[En la siguiente fotografía (Imagen 20 de la evidencia fotográfica) se puede ver un oso que padece de un tumor en la piel, el cual se encuentra en la sección de cuarentena del zoológico. Pueden observarse además las condiciones deplorables en las que se encuentra.]

(http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/earthpicturegalleries/9140708/Surabaya-Zoo-animals-kept-in-scandalous-conditions-at-Indonesias-largest-zoo.html?frame=2166434)

[En esta imagen (Imagen 21 de la evidencia fotográfica) puede verse a una elefante que sufre de inflamación en sus articulaciones.]

(http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/earthpicturegalleries/9140708/Surabaya-Zoo-animals-kept-in-scandalous-conditions-at-Indonesias-largest-zoo.html?frame=2166440 )

IndraHarsaputra, from The Jakarta Post, said: “A Sumatran tiger at Surabaya Zoo in Surabaya, East Java, died on early Thursday after suffering digestive and respiratory problems for two years (…)Internal conflict has plagued Surabaya Zoo since 1998 and peaked in 2007, when a number of animals died allegedly due to poor treatment. (…) On Sept.8, 2012, Santi, a white tiger, died due to paralysis. (…) Data show that almost 250 animals at Surabaya Zoo died in 2011, including a mountain goat that suffered digestive problems. An autopsy found plastic bags in its stomach. The zoo’s veterinary team also found 25 stones in the stomach of a dead crocodile. (…) From June to August 2010, 20 animals died at the zoo, including a Sumatran tiger and 13 baby komodo dragons. (…) Most of the animals died from pneumonia, dehydration caused by diarrhea and malnutrition, while other problems included a dirty and poor environment and lack of nutritious food.” (http://m.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/04/04/yet-another-surabaya-zoo-animal-dies.html)

 

Evidencia 8: ONGs Y ASOCIACIONES MUNDIALES SOLICITANDO QUE SE TOMEN MEDIDAS URGENTES

Trevor B., from Australia said: “We call on the honourable President, Dr. SusiloBambangYudhoyono, to mandate the following 5 actions immediately:1) Close Surabaya zoo permanently and dismiss the management.  Hire reputable, qualified staff to engage in the immediate care of the animals.  2) Increase funding and security to ensure all animals receive the proper diet, and medical attention necessary.3) For any animal where rehabilitation is feasible to the point where the animal could survive in the wild, rehabilitation must take place under the direction of qualified experts, so that they can be released back into the wild.4) Any animals with incurable, degenerative conditions, and that are in significant pain must be humanely euthanized based on the recommendation of veterinary experts.5) Commission an enquiry with the view to identify the causes of the conditions and the zoo, and the prosecution of those responsible for the state of the animals. Please act – the world is watching.” (https://www.change.org/p/president-jokowi-close-surabaya-zoo )

Alice Budisatrijo, from BBC news, said: “The World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (Waza), a group that includes 300 leading zoos and aquariums as its members, deems the animal welfare conditions in Surabaya so appalling that its leader has written two letters to Indonesian President SusiloBambangYudhoyono in the past two months. In one of the letters, Waza Executive Director Gerald Dick said the situation in Surabaya was becoming more than a single zoo issue.”(http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-25908531 )

 

Evidencia 9: NEGLIGENCIA DE LOS CUIDADORES

Trevor B., from Sydney, Australia, said: “East Java Natural Resources Conservation Agency (BKSDA) conducted an investigation, which found that negligent keepers were to blame for most of the animal deaths. It is alleged that zookeepers are stealing meat which they sell to the black market. Also that animals are being stolen by the zookeepers and also sold” (…) “A giraffe that died that was found to have an 18kg ball of plastic in its stomach, It had been living off food thrown to it by visitors, such as candy bars, which often still had the wrapper on it.”

(https://www.change.org/p/president-jokowi-close-surabaya-zoo)

[En esta imagen (Imagen 17 de la evidencia fotográfica) puede verse al último ejemplar de jirafa que quedaba en el zoológico horas antes de morir tras haber ingerido 18 kg de bolsas y envoltorios plásticos.]

(http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/earthpicturegalleries/9140708/Surabaya-Zoo-animals-kept-in-scandalous-conditions-at-Indonesias-largest-zoo.html?frame=2166431)

Alice Budisatrijo, from BBC News, said: “Last month, a young lion named Michael was found hanged in his cage at Surabaya zoo. The 18-month-old got his neck tangled in a cable used by keepers to open and close his cage. An official claimed the lion got himself caught as he jumped around. However, by the time the police arrived, the lion’s carcass had been removed from the cage, complicating any investigation into whether negligence contributed to his death. (…) A few days before Michael’s death, a wildebeest was found dead in its cage. A few days later, a young mountain goat died of neck injuries. Zoo officials said it was attacked by an adult goat.And in March 2012, 20kg (44 pounds) of plastic were found in the stomach of a dead giraffe. ” (http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-25908531)

Amir Tejo, from The Jakarta Globe, said: “Three juvenile Komodo dragons have gone missing from one of the country’s most notorious zoos, amid revelations that zoo keepers waited five days before reporting the disappearance. The missing reptiles were from a group of 18 komodos that hatched at Surabaya Zoo in March 2010. (…) (Tony Sumampau, head of the zoo’s caretaker administration) said there was little possibility that the komodos had escaped from their cage. (…) Last August, the Forestry Ministry revoked Surabaya Zoo’s license following a rash of animal deaths. In the space of just a few weeks, a Sumatran tiger, African lion, wallaby, Komodo dragon, babirusa cub, Bawean deer, crocodile and several birds died. (…) At the behest of the zoo’s interim management, formed after the license was revoked, Surabaya Police and the East Java Natural Resources Conservation Agency (BKSDA) conducted a joint probe that found negligent keepers were to blame for many of the deaths.”

(http://thejakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/archive/zoo-suspects-missing-komodo-dragons-either-eaten-or-stolen/430960/ )

Erin Skarda, from TIME, said: “Two weeks ago, the zoo’s last remaining giraffe, 30-year-old Kliwon, died with a 40-lb. (18 kg) wad of plastic sitting in its stomach. For years, the animal had been eating whatever it could find, which was mostly trash thrown in its enclosure by zoo visitors.” (http://newsfeed.time.com/2012/03/15/the-disturbing-state-of-indonesias-zoo-of-death/ )

Michael Bachelard, from Sydney Morning Herald, said: “Two cheetahs, gifts of the South African president, were killed because they were housed with tigers.”

(http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )

The Jakarta Post said: “(…) another animal was found dead, allegedly due to a lack of monitoring. (…) A six-month mountain goat was found dead, having wandered into a cage consisting of a group of deer through a hole in the fence separating the two cages. (…) the management would repair the fence in order to avoid a repeat of the incident, and that according to the latest estimate, there were 50 cages in the zoo in need of repair.

(http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/01/15/another-animal-dies-surabaya-zoo.html)

AgusSupangkat (zoo spokesman) said: “It seems the goat was attacked simultaneously by the group of deer.

(http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/01/15/another-animal-dies-surabaya-zoo.html)

 

Evidencia 10: FALTA DE CONTROL EN LA PROCREACIÓN DE ESPECIES

Trevor B., from Australia, said: “The zoo is unable to separate breeding animals, so breeding is out of control. For example, nearly 200 pelicans inhabit a filthy enclosure the size of a basketball court. They do not have the room to move their wings.” (Una foto de esto también puede verse en http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-25908531) (https://www.change.org/p/president-jokowi-close-surabaya-zoo)

Alice Budisatrijo, from BBC News, said: “In a row of enclosures surrounded by a moat, dozens of long-tailed macaques roamed around in packs. At least 10 of them had babies attached to their stomachs like marsupials. (…) Dr Liang acknowledged that there was a surplus of macaques.” (http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-25908531)

News.com.au said: “Whereas most zoos limit the number of animals born in captivity – taking into consideration how many can reasonably be cared for or exchanged with other zoos – the notion of family planning has not yet taken off here. Contraceptives are expensive and there are not adequate facilities to separate males and females. As result, species at the Surabaya zoo are bred to excess.”

(http://www.news.com.au/travel/travel-updates/starved-and-abused-inside-indonesias-nightmare-zoo/story-e6frfq80-1226298813282)

Veterinarian Liang Kaspe, the zoo’s head of operations, says regarding pelicans and herons cages:There is no overpopulation here. Theyneedtolive in biggroups in ordertobreed.”(En el link puede observarse una foto (Imagen 23 de la evidencia fotográfica)de esto.)

(http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-25908531)

 

Evidencia 11: ANIMALES TRISTES

[Fotos (Imágenes 5 y 6 de la evidencia fotográfica) de monos con rostro triste tras un enrejado] (http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_6.htm); (http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_7.htm)

[Fotos (Imágenes 12 y 13 de la evidencia fotográfica) de monos entristecidos o sin compañía de otros de su misma especie]

(http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_12.htm); (http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_13.htm)

[Foto (Imagen 14 de la evidencia fotográfica) de un mamífero que parece ser un lémur, el cual manifiesta tristeza en su rostro.]

(http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_15.htm )

[Foto (Imagen 20 de la evidencia fotográfica) de un oso enfermo en cuarentena.]

(http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/earthpicturegalleries/9140708/Surabaya-Zoo-animals-kept-in-scandalous-conditions-at-Indonesias-largest-zoo.html?frame=2166434)

[Foto (Imagen 27 de la evidencia fotográfica) de un oso americano con una enfermedad en la piel, y con un rostro de tristeza debido al confinamiento y malos cuidados.] (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surabaya_Zoo#/media/File:Surabaya_bear.jpg)

 

 

Evidencia 12: AUTORIDADES DEL ZOOLÓGICO NO RECONOCEN PROBLEMAS EN DICHO RECINTO

Alice Budisatrijo, from BBC news, said: “Director RatnaAchjuningrum rejected the notion that the Surabaya zoo had become a national shame. (…) The endangered primates she referred (proboscis monkeys) to came from the mangrove, riverine and swamp forests in the island of Kalimantan, also known as Borneo. I pointed out that the island where the proboscis monkeys lived in the zoo had several dead trees.”(En la Imagen 24 de la evidencia fotográfica aparecen estos primates arriba de los árboles estériles.)(http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-25908531 )

RatnaAchjuningrum, director at the Zoo, said: “We have many successes, for example we’ve been successful in breeding Komodos, and in providing a place for proboscis monkeys that resembles their natural habitat.”(http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-25908531 )

 

Evidencia 13: USO DE LAS FACILIDADES PARA FINES SOCIALES NO RELACIONADOS CON LOS ANIMALES

Michael Bachelard, from Sydney Morning Herald, said: “One staff member was using the zoo to breed ducks; the camel-keeper’s second wife was living in the camel shed so his first wife wouldn’t find out about her, and a sooth-sayer was selling advice from the hippo enclosure”

(http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )

 

Evidencia 14: ENVENENAMIENTO y ASESINATO DE ANIMALES

Michael Bachelard, from Sydney Morning Herald, said: “The meat (for the tigers) was supplied by a staff-run business. They bought it cheap (laced at the market with the illegal preservative formalin) then sold it at a big mark-up. Sumampau (head of the Indonesian Parks Association and a consultant to the zoo)suspects formalin is responsible for Melani’s digestive distress. Another staff-owned company cut weeds from the side of the polluted Surabaya river to sell for herbivore food.(…)Melani the Sumatran tiger heaves herself painfully to her feet, walks to the fence and is hand-fed a few pieces of chicken cut into small chunks. She’s skin and bone, but she eats less than a child might before returning to chew, like a sick domestic cat, on the grass.There are less than 400 of Melani’s kind still roaming the dwindling forests of Sumatra, and soon this zoo-bound specimen will also be dead, after spending most of her life in squalor in Surabaya Zoo.She suffers from an unidentified wasting disease which means her food, even when it’s minced, passes through her, almost entirely undigested.”

(http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )

[Foto (Imagen 25 de la Evidencia Fotográfica) en la que se muestra a Melani, una tigresa de Sumatra que se encuentra convaleciente a causa de graves problemas digestivos, los cuales, según Sumampau, jefe de la Asociación de Parques de Indonesia y ahora consejero del Zoo, se deben a causa de la ingesta de carne conservada con un químico llamado  formalina, más conocido como formol que resulta ser altamente tóxico y según la OMS cancerígeno.]

(http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )

TrisnadiMarjan: “Two men who each claimed to be the zoo’s chief were fired several years ago, but their followers among the staff have continued the feud. (…) Police believe the poisoning death of a Javan warthog in January, found with traces of cyanide in its stomach, was linked to that conflict.” (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/03/13/surabaya-zoo-indonesia-giraffe_n_1340941.html?)

Charlotte Meredith, from Huffington Post, said: “Horrifying images (Image 30 and 31 from photographic evidence) have emerged from an infamous zoo in Indonesia dubbed the ‘Zoo of Death,’ showing a dead lion hanging in its cage. (…) Michael the lion’s emaciated body was found tangled in steel cables used to protect keepers at the Surabaya City Zoo.(…) Zoo spokesman AgusSupangkat said the cause of death was being investigated, but reports have emerged that the lion’s body was removed before police were able to examine it and cannot now be found. ”(En este artículo también puede verse un video con las imágenes del león colgando en su jaula)

(http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2014/01/09/lion-dead-hanging-pictures_n_4568912.html )

 

Evidencia 15: INDIFERENCIA ANTE CRÍTICAS INTERNACIONALES

Michael Bachelard, from Sydney Morning Herald, said: “In 2010, as the bad news mounted, the city government sacked the management, installed temporary leaders and brought Sumampau in as an unpaid consultant. The entrance fee has more than tripled, the Komodos released from their tiny cage, the orang-utans and monkeys given redesigned shelters and the tigers new holding yards where they can move. Rather than spending up to 10 days in tiny holding cells for every three days out on display, the tigers have more space, sunlight and exercise.” (http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )

 

Evidencia 16: EMPLEADOS DEL ZOOLÓGICO ROBANDO ANIMALES Y ALIMENTO

Los Angeles Times said: “Many employees have been caught stealing meat intended for the animals and sometimes, in the case of rare species, stealing the animals themselves, (Sumampowu) said.”

(http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/unleashed/2010/08/zoo-official-issues-dire-warning-about-the-treatment-of-animals-at-indonesias-surabaya-zoo.html )

News.com.au said: “He (Sumampouw) said he believes some animals, including three young Komodos that disappeared last year, were stolen by caretakers and sold into the exotic pet trade. (…) Zookeepers also have been accused of taking meat meant for the tigers and selling it in the local market.”

(http://www.news.com.au/travel/travel-updates/starved-and-abused-inside-indonesias-nightmare-zoo/story-e6frfq80-1226298813282 ).-

 

 

SEGUNDA VALORACION.- De las Pruebas aportadas no cabe la menor duda sobre la autenticidad de las mismas, considerando su procedencia, pues cada testimonio recopilado proviene de un enlace de internet donde se encuentra la información correspondiente que respalda y robustece la evidencia a través de un artículo e imágenes (fotografías). Sobre todos los artículos que se ofrecen como probanza y que además se etiqueta en los mismos los Delitos y las acciones cometidas (caso que no ocupa ni compete conocer ni decidir jurisdiccionalmente en este asunto por nuestra Parte), no hay objeción, descalificación o invalidación del contenido digital por la Parte que represento, en virtud de que son medios digitales que proceden de fuente digna y que además se declararon y publicaron en su momento de manera formal y abierta, de las cuales no cabe duda sobre su autenticidad o veracidad.-

 

TERCERA VALORACION.- Por lo expuesto, publicado, declarado y reproducido en los medios de comunicación y que ahora son presentados como Prueba digital para este caso por la Secretaria Ejecutiva del CIEB y TBDH Maestra Yan Maitri-Shi, se determinan dichas probanzas por la Parte que represento en cuanto Fiscal del CIEB y TBDH como LEGITIMAS y VALIDAS, mismas que respaldan y confirman la Acusación que presenta la International Association of Maitriyana (IAM) por Delitos y Violaciones a los Derechos de los Animales.-

En tal situación, se da inicio a la Cuarta Etapa del Procedimiento denominada de “CONTESTACION”, en la cual se establece el término de 5 cinco días a la Parte Acusada y Requerida ZOOLOGICO SURABAYA por los Delitos de MALTRATO, TORTURA Y DESCUIDO ANIMAL y Otros que resulten a fin de que emita la Contestación que desee o le corresponda frente a la Acusación y Requerimiento con respecto a las Pruebas aportadas, aceptadas y valoradas en el presente escrito.-

 

 

SekkhaDhamma

Fiscal del CIEB y TBDH

 

México mes de Agosto del año 2015 dos mil quince.-

 

 

 

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